Published: 10/10/2014 - Updated: 08/30/2018
Author: MSc. Miriam Reyes
The pituitary gland is also known as the hypophysis, which comes from the Greek term hip (“under”) and fisis (“to grow”). It is known as the gland of eternal youth and happiness. It is an extremely important gland in the body, and controls all the endocrine and metabolic systems, and all neuro-vegetative and neuro-chemical functions in the rest of the glandular system. Hypophysis is the central computer of the entire body. Its possibilities and usefulness in the body, and the evolution of the human being, and very extensive, and are just now being learned of.
About the pituitary gland
It is found at the base of the cranium, in what is known as the middle nasal concha (or the Turkish Chair in the sphenoid bone) which connects to the hypothalamus. It is oval in shape, and is approximately 8 mm in ante-posterior diameter, transversely it measures 12 mm, and 6 mm vertically. In an adult male, it weighs 500 mg, and in a woman, 600 mg (or up to 700 mg in women that have given birth several times).
Pituitary gland functions
It is an endocrine gland, which is responsible for secreting hormones that regulate homeostasis, or balance among other glands or horomones in the endocrine system. This hormone is divided into three parts:
Anterior lobe (adenohypophysis)
This lobe is responsible for secreting numerous hormones, of which, six are important for proper physiological functioning in the body. One of these hormones is the growth hormone (or somatotropin) which stimulates protein synthesis and encourages glucose collection from the muscles and fat cells. One of this hormone’s most important effects is that it promotes growth in tissues and bones in conjunction with somatomedins. A deficiency of this hormone causes dwarfism or gigantism in children, and acromegaly in adults. Another hormone that is secreted by the anterior lobe is prolactin, which stimulates the development of breast acini. These stimulate milk proteins. Another hormone is that which stimulates the thyroid (thyrotropin), and causes the thyroid to produce hormones.
Middle pituitary gland:
Responsible for producing two polypeptides, called melanotropin (or hormones that stimulate the melanocytes), which induce an increase in the synthesis of skin cells’s melanin.
Posterior lobe (neurohypophysis):
This lobe is in chare of storing ADH hormones and oxytocin. It isn’t really a secreting gland, but simply stores secretion products from the hypothalamus. Oxytocin is in charge of stimulating myoepithelial cell contraction from the mammary glands, and is responsible for producing mother’s milk. Oxytocin is stimulated by suction, which transmits signals to the hypothalamus to secrete more oxytocin. This hormone is also responsible for the smooth muscle contractions in the uterus during orgasm, and for spasms during the final stage of birth. The antidiuretic hormone (AD) is secreted when the body detects a reduction in plasma volume or blood pressure. This secretion causes the kidney’s collecting duct to absorb water. It also causes a strong vasoconstriction, which is also known as vasopressin.
This syndrome affects various systems and organs, and is due to a hypersecretion of cortisol (which generally occurs to a hyperplasia of the hypophosis). Cushing’s symptoms are: a very round, red, and congested face (also known as the “full moon face”). Fats also begin to accumulate in the neck and the nape (buffalo neck), central obesity (protruding abdomen and thin extremities). Other symptoms could be stretch marks on the abdomen, muscles and breasts, back pain, amenorrhea, increase in pubic hair in women, along with hypertension, psychosis, or diabetes.
Pituitary gland stimulation:
In order to function, this gland balances itself, and in these swings it undergoes pressure and relaxation, and the gland then secretes stimulants based on the stimulants received by sphenoid movement in the Turkish chair, which is like a rocking chair in the shape of a semi-circle. The sphenoid makes a stimulating systolic and diastolic movement on the pituitary gland, in the shape of a rocking chair. Any sort of blockage or impediment of the sphenoids that affects optimum balance, will affect glandular stimulation of the hypophysis.
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Consciousness development and the pituitary gland
The pineal gland and pituitary gland represent the keys of access to fields of superior creation. In the School of Medicine at the University of Berlin, it was discovered that between the pineal and pituitary gland, a subtle connection exists, thinner even than a hair. It unites the hormones that both glands secrete. When this occurs chemically in an individual’s brain, a mystic and extraordinary state is produced in the individual’s brain. It is said that the union of these two hormonal secretions can be voluntarily activated by practicing specific methods that successfully cross the threshold that separates the physical being from the divine being that lays dormant in the individual.
When this hormonal fusion takes place, a resulting mixture enters the blood flow, producing an increase in vibration in the body, which causes harmonious energy waves that the individual feels. That is when the individual may experience a union between knowledge and superior understanding, which awakens certain mental abilities that are dormant, or in a passive state, before said union.
The effects of this so-called consciousness awakening are different in each individual. The subconscious frequently manifests its properties according to each person. There are even those that could feel an opening of these energetic centers, with some sort of bewilderment, headache, fever, or dizziness.
Revised by: Dra. Loredana Lunadei on 08/30/2018
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